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Q: FTP Maintenance (Uploading Your Files to the Server)

FTP

The process by which files are transferred to the web server is called "FTP" (File Transfer Protocol). You have unlimited access via FTP 24 hours a day. As such, you can create and maintain your web pages on your own computer and upload files to your web site at your leisure.

Online services which offer an Internet gateway, such as AOL, CompuServe, and Prodigy may have a built-in FTP interface. If you have a PPP Internet account, you need an FTP program.

If you are using FrontPage, you must create your new web on the "localhost" system. This is accomplished by selecting "create new web," and then entering "localhost" in the line where it asks for the web location. Once you have completed your web on your computer, you can then select the "publish web" option from the file menu in FrontPage Explorer. You will be prompted for your IP address and web name and then it will send it to our servers. Please note that you will be prompted for a user ID and password, and depending on your system configuration it may be the one that we issued you or it may be the one that you entered when you first installed FrontPage. If one does not work, then simply try the other. If you have forgotten what that password was, then you will need to reinstall FrontPage and select a new one.

NOTE: If you are using FrontPage, you should NEVER use regular FTP to upload your files. This will damage the extensions. Stick with one or the other all the time.

For instructions for the most popular FTP client software for both PC and Macintosh users, see the instructions to follow.


For PC Users (WS_FTP)

The following information is contained within your account activation notice and is needed to connect you to your website via FTP:

USERID
PASSWORD
FTP IP ADDRESS FROM YOUR WELCOME LETTER

Each time you run WS_FTP the Session Profile window will be displayed. A profile contains the information needed to connect to your website. Creating a profile now will eliminate the need for you to configure the software each time you wish to connect to the web server via FTP. To create a profile, click the "New" button and enter a generic profile name at the top of the Session Profile window, such as "My Website." Next, enter your Host Name/Address (FTP IP ADDRESS), User ID (yourdomain), and Password for your website as illustrated in Figure 1A.

Figure 1A


Next you need to click "OK" to continue. This will connect you to the webserver, where you will connect directly to the root ("home") directory of your account. WS_FTP will display a split screen where files on the left-hand side are within your own computer. You will see several folders on the right-hand side such as www, and infobots which are landmarks suggesting a successful connection to your website, as illustrated in Figure 1B.

Figure 1B


You need to double click on www to get to your web directory. This is where all your files will be downloaded, and/or you will create subdirectories. The only system directory that you may need to use is cgi-bin; this directory is reserved for custom scripts. To make your home page load automatically, name the HTML document "index.htm" in lowercase and upload it to the www directory of your account. To upload a file or files, simply highlight the file(s) on the left and click the right arrow button (->) in the center of the window. Be sure to upload HTML documents and scripts in ASCII mode and images in Binary mode. To transfer a file to a subdirectory, double-click the appropriate subdirectory to open it before transferring the desired file(s). To create a new directory, click on the MkDir button when you are inside the www directory or subdirectory.

As soon as a file is uploaded to the web server, it is available for all to see. If, after uploading a file, you are still unable to see the updated file via Netscape, try hitting the "Refresh" or "Reload" button. If that fails, you need to clear both disk and browser cache. This function can be found by selecting Options>Network Preferences in Netscape. Remember that you must first be connected to the Internet through your local Internet service provider in order to connect to the web server.


For PC Users (Cute FTP)

This is a brief tutorial showing you how to set up Cute FTP in order to connect to our server.

1. Start the application by double clicking on the program icon. After the program starts, you will be in the Site Manager window. This is where you set up all of your FTP connections.

2. Create a new connection site by clicking on the Add Site button.

3. You will then be given this window :



4. The Host Address :
  • Basic Web site customers : FTP IP ADDRESS FROM YOUR WELCOME LETTER.
  • Domain Web site customers : FTP IP ADDRESS FROM YOUR WELCOME LETTERss.

Note : This will only work when your domain name has been finalized with Network Solutions. In the meantime, you must enter your IP number in the Host Address area.

5. Once you are connected, click on the "www" directory. This is where all of your files are to be placed. You will now see a list of the files in your current directory.

6. To transfer files to your account, select "Upload" from the "Commands" menu, and choose which files or folders you wish to upload.

7. To download files from your account to your home computer, choose the file you wish to download, and select "Download File" from the "Commands" menu.

These are the basics to using Cute FTP. If you need more information, please use the "Help" menu in the application or read any documentation that came with the program.


For Mac Users (Fetch)

The following information is contained within your account activation notice and is needed to connect to your web site via FTP:

USERID
PASSWORD
FTP IP ADDRESS FROM YOUR WELCOME LETTER

The hostname tells your FTP software to connect to the web server upon which your web site resides.

Each time you run Fetch, the New Connection... window will be displayed. A profile contains the information needed to connect to your web site. Creating a profile now will eliminate the need for you to configure the software each time you wish to connect to the web server via FTP. To create a new profile, select "New Connection..." from the File menu. Next, enter the Host (yourdomain.com), User ID (yourdomain), and password for your web site.


Don't worry about the Directory option right now. When you have your Host, User ID, and Password entered, click on the OK button.

The next window which will pop up will look virtually the same as Figure 2B, except that yourdomain will be in the popup window.

Figure 2B



Bookmarking the Connection

You should take the time, now that you have established your connection, to make it easier for you to get here next time. Under the Customize menu, select New Shortcut. A window will pop up called Bookmark Editor, as shown in Figure 2C. It will already have your name, Host, and User ID filled in. Under Type, choose File from the popup menu. If you would like Fetch to remember your password so you won't have to type it in each time, type in your password in the Password field. Now, under the same Customize menu, choose Preferences, and under the General tab, make sure the connection you just entered is selected as the default shortcut. Next time you open up Fetch, your shortcut will be opened automatically and all you'll have to do is click the OK button!


How to Transfer Files

Refer again to Figure 2B. You need to double-click on www to get to your web directory. This is where all your files will be downloaded, and/or you will create subdirectories. The only system directory that you may need to use is cgi-bin; this directory is reserved for custom scripts. To make your home page load automatically, name the HTML document "index.htm" in lowercase and upload it to the www directory of your account. To upload a file or files, simply drag them from your hard drive onto the Fetch window when you are in the appropriate directory or subdirectory. Be sure to upload HTML documents and scripts in Text mode and images in BINARY mode. Or to make life easier, click on the Automatic button as shown in Figure 2B, and Fetch will decide the proper format. To transfer a file to a subdirectory, double-click the appropriate subdirectory to open it before transferring the desired file(s).

To insure that the Automatic selection works properly, make sure the selections under the Upload tab in the Preferences window looks the same as Figure 2D below.


Figure 2D


As soon as a file is uploaded to the web server, it is available for all to see. If, after uploading a file, you are still unable to see the updated file via Netscape, you need to hit the Reload button in the Netscape button bar. Remember that you must first be connected to the Internet through your local Internet service provider in order to connect to the web server.


Dreamweaver Setup

Dreamweaver 4

1. Open Dreamweaver. From the menu bar select "site" and then "open site"
2. Fill in the appropriate fields:

Site Name = Name Your Web Site
Local Root Folder = This will be the path to your local folder that holds your web site files.
HTTP Address = yourdomain.com

3. Select Remote info on the left navigation bar. Drop down the access menu and select FTP
4. Fill in the appropriate information:

Access = FTP
FTP Host = FTP IP ADDRESS FROM YOUR WELCOME LETTER
Host Directory =leave blank. This will then upload the files directly into your www directory.
Login = User Name
Password = Password
Click OK

5. This will then open the Dreamweaver FTP program.
6. Click on Connect button on the top menu bar. The raised button in the picture below is the connection button.

7. Your are now connected to the server and you will see two windows

Left Window

Dreamweaver will now display a split screen. The window on the left will contain the folders and files contained within your www directory. This is your space on the server. This is where you will place your website. You will see folders with names such as infobots and access-log.

Right Window

The window on the right will contain the folders and files on your local computer. This should be pointing correctly to your local Web Site.

Upload Files

1. Highlight a file (or files) from your computer in the right window.
2. Click the blue up arrow button on the menu bar to transfer your files
3. You will see a note in the status bar at the bottom when your file transfer is complete.

Download Files

1. Double click on the folder you want to download files into on your computer to open it in the right window.
2. Highlight the file (or files) you wish to download from your website in the left window.
3. Click the green down arrow on the Menu bar to transfer the files.
4. You will see a note in the status bar at the bottom when your file transfer is complete.

To disconnect, select "file" and then "close"

 



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